This is another great book by Jared Diamond and I am reading it for a specific purpose. I particularly want to understand what causes, not just in societies, but individual organizations and companies the primary reasons for their demise and damages to themselves. In this book, Diamond primarily focuses on the environment and on page 6 he puts the damage to the environment to the societies in eight categories. Here is his quote:
“The process through which past societies have undermined themselves by damaging their environments fall into eight categories, whose relative importance differs from case to case: deforestation and habitat destruction, soil problems (erosion, salinization, and soil fertility losses), water management problems, overhunting, overfishing, effects of introduced species on native species, human population growth, and increased per capita of people.”
Hopefully, by using these categories as a guide, I will be able to more deeply understand other complex adaptive systems and their ebbs and flows.